TOURS

The main focus of our tours is to let people know the history, the culture, the beauty and the charm of this Region that is unique and still authentic: Umbria

With the support of expert guides, that speak your language perfectly, we offer you many options for travel itineraries, as well as customised programmes for singles or small groups. Let us and our experts help you to make the most of your vacation: Umbria has much to offer and what greater way to enjoy it all, even for a brief visit, by putting yourself into the hands of seasoned travel professionals

The main purpose of the tours is satisfying the increasing demand for wine, with the aim to promote history, culture, and the beauty of Umbria.

All tours go beyond the standard tourist itineraries and are thought to introduce an undisclosed and less known Umbria in all its peculiarities.

Thanks to its specialization in Umbrian wines, from Super Umbrians to the less famous ones, we can satisfy also specific requests creating "tailor made" tours.


        

Day Tours run all year, depending on availability. Some venues close for one day or afternoon each week. Programs are for individuals, couples or small groups. Full day programs typically include a light lunch or, where part of an extended program, a more substantial meal. Your guide will be available for consultation and assistance for the entire duration of each program.

Each individual day tour may be combined over several days to make up a more extended program - just ask us how!


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Orvieto

The History of Orvieto
"The city of Orbivieto is high and strange; it took its name from old Romans, who used to go there because the air is good”. This is what Fazio degli Uberti wrote about Orvieto in his written “il Dittamondo” in the first half of the year 300, to describe the atmosphere and attractions of the city.
The Etruscan name of Orvieto was almost certainly, “Velzna”. Some researchers have included the place name of Oinarea (the city where the wine flows), among the oldest names of the city. Its present name comes from the Medieval “Urbs Vetus” (old city) given to it when, after the Barbarians destroyed Bolsena, the population took refuge again on the top of the cliff, once abandoned because of destruction of the city by the Romans in 264 BC.

   

Orvieto has a unique history that dates back to over several million years ago. Learn about the origins of the city, its ancient inhabitants, and the special characteristics that make it a magical place to visit today. In the IX century, the Etruscan people take office right into the dungeons, dug through the tuff, below the level of the city, where we’re living on just now, to reign over it until the 5th century B.C., leaving the town under the Roman domain.
During the barbarian invasions, the town was in the centre of a huge dispute between Byzantines and Ostrogotes; after the destruction of the town of Bolsena, it became an Episcopal Seat, and it was nominated as Urbs Vetus (Old Town), which is the root of its current name.

TASTE ORVIETO in
local delicatessen in central town...


...and also BEER, WINE, OLIVE OIL, HONEY TASTINGS... and MUCH MORE!

Discover what to do and what to see in Orvieto

NOT EVERYONE KNOWS THAT...There are more than 440 known underground caves in Orvieto apart from the over 1200 recorded. The reason is due to the many military barracks still present in Orvieto where the access was (and still is) forbidden and consequently not recorded

    

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ORVIETO IN FOUR SEASONS… FULL OF TRADITIONS!
The calendar of the territorial events is quite rich in all kinds of festivals: theatre, arts, music, enogastronomy, folklore, literary and religious events.
Here is a sample of the main appointments for each season, that we suggest not to miss

SUMMER and MUSIC
In the hot season  there are so many town festivals, street markets, ‘sagre’ where you can eat  local specialities. Orvieto proposes a summer full of musical events of different genres from small concerts in the squares to ‘Orvieto in Musica’ performing chamber music or Spazio Musica. However, the biggest event that calls thousands of people is the UMBRIA FOLK FESTIVAL, ethnic folk music where you can also taste food from the different regions of Italy while listening to national and international folk bands.
TASTING NEW WINE (August/September) - Orvieto’s wine tradition has old and solid roots. Etruscans seemed to have dug wine cellars through the tuff skeleton of the town, and in those fresh dungeons, the grape fermentation was completed only after a lot of months, leaving the wine with a sugary taste that has contributed to its  big success all over the world.

A TASTY AUTUMN
From mid September to Christmas Orvieto relaxes and is completely devoted to the art of well living. The nearby communes present their specialities through local events, such as the National Exhibition of the Truffle in Fabro while the theatre season begins.
The restaurants propose autumn specialities and the soul of the CITTASLOW gets stronger. Two gastronomical appointments are the must of the period: ORVIETO CON GUSTO in October and OFF, that is Orvieto Food Festival in December where you can enjoy the mix of oenogastronomy, culture and international solidarity. Its aim: to nourish both the body and the mind...

And furthermore…

OLIVE PICKING AND TASTING (first week of November)
Every year, in November, in the softly rolling Umbrian hills not far from the splendid city centre of Orvieto, the days devoted to the arrival of the new extra-virgin olive oil roll around. For those who wish to couple tourism and good food, it is a unique occasion to learn about the traditional picking of Umbrian olive oil.

WINTER AND ITS MAGICAL ATMOSPHERE
Christmas and New Year’s Eve in Orvieto are really magical. The town looks different , it becomes a sort of Bethlehemme with its circuit of nativity scenes set all around the historical centre especially the popular Nativity in the Well. This latter is set in the underground archeological well of the Cava and it is made with life-size animated characters especially created by experts in special effect.
And once again Orvieto transforms itself and turns into a sort of New Orleans thanks to Umbria Jazz Winter that is held just after Christmas ending on 1st January. You are taken into a totally new reality in which streets and squares are filled with music and jazz rythms from late morning to late night.

And furthermore…

WINE CELLARS OPEN TO WINE TASTING  (end of December) - It is probably the most important event totally dedicated to Wine and it takes place  on the territory of Umbria.  More than 55 wine cellars open their doors making it the most popular event in Umbria . For those who love nature many of the cellars offer the chance to walk through the vinyards stopping now and then to have a sip of the excellent wine.
CHOCOLATE TASTING  –  In Winter Orvieto offers the opportunity of a chocolate tasting tour of the town. Tasting is far more exciting than Eating, it involves decifying all the emotions and sensations that chocolate makes us feel in the exact moment it melts in the mouth, it is far beyond saying it’s good or not. All five senses are involved in the tasting process allowing us to experience every feature of each chocolate.

SPRING AND HISTORY
In June Orvieto re-lives the splendours of the rich medieval commune, the colours of the four quarters and of the principal noble families of the town adorn the historical centre..
there are two main religious events celebrated in Spring: The Pentecost, celebrated in  La Palombella where a white dove sliding along a thin wire is the representation of the descend of the Holy Ghost, and the Corpus Christi. This latter calls people from all over the world, its procession along the streets of the town is an explosion of colour and splendor. The 400 participants, all men, dressed up in the medieval costumes recalls the authorities that in 1338 accompanied the arrival of the relic of the Miracle of Bolsena , still kept in the Cathedral in Orvieto.

And  furthermore…

OPEN WINE CELLARS AND WINE TASTING
  - For the last 18 years every last Sunday in May wine cellars, members of the Tourism Movement of Wine, open up the doors of their cellars not only to experts but to everyone. Year after year Cantine Aperte has turned into the event that calls a growing number of enotourists reaching a record number of one million visitors.

HONEY TASTING –  How about visiting a farm that produces honey and getting the chance to taste the many different types of honey learning how to distinguish them and combine them with both cottage and seasoned cheeses?... All this is possible in Orvieto thanks to the particular season and the blossoming of the flowers typical of Spring.

And at least…

CERAMIC (all year round) - Umbria is today famous all over the world also because of its very colourful production of ceramics, pottery and majolica, all handmade. In the old town centre of Orvieto there are workshops, laboratories, factories, exhibition rooms and a school of ceramic art.

COOKING CLASSES (all year round) - Tradition is at the centre of the Orvietan cuisine, with dishes not always poor or popular. Little influenced from the nearby regions, it is based essentially on meat and products of the earth, that are used both for great occasions and in daily meals. It is a simple cooking, not overly complex but honours the flavours and tastes of good raw materials. The roots of the Umbrian cuisine arises from the time of the “Umbri” (the indigineous peoples preceeding the Etruscans, in the region between Perugia and Orvieto) and then from the Romans, with frequent use of legumes and cereals. We can identify three types of cuisines that roughly correspond to both cultural and dialectal divisions within the region.

A RECIPE FOR EACH SEASON
SUMMER : aubergine roulades cooked in oven
SPRING : straccetti meat with rocket, pachino tomatoes and balsamic vinegar
AUTUMN : legume soup and porcini mushrooms
WINTER : umbrichelli pasta with wild boar sauce

Assisi

The town constitutes something of an exception in respect to other Umbrian towns in that, instead of spreading over the top of a hill, it is arranged in terraces along the slopes of a mountain (Mt Subasio).  Today the name and reputation of Assisi is inextricably tied to the holiness of the place, where the celebration the Franciscan ideology has sanctioned an exceptional construction of monuments in architecture and figurative art.

Before you arrive at Assisi, there is the town of Santa Maria degli Angeli, located on the plain below Assisi. This was an early center for the Franciscans. Visit the basilica built to shelter the Porziuncola (the oratory that Saint Francis used).
In Assisi the Basilica di Santa Chiara dominates the square with the geometric simplicity of its facade. It's built with intensely pink stones.
Walk up Corso Mazzini to Piazza del Comune to enjoy the medieval palazzi and the beautifully preserved Temple of Minerva. It is an ideal spot to sit on the stone steps and do some people watching while eating a gelato. Roman foundations are a common feature of many buildings here
The spectacular complex of the Basilica di San Francesco (Basilica of Saint Francis), recognizable by the massive arched buttresses of the convent, is located at the extreme western flank of the town.

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Calendimaggio Festival (First Thursday, Friday and Saturday in May)
A wonderful medieval celebration of spring, consisting of a contest of songs, games and plays between the Parte de Sotto and the Parte de Sopra neighborhoods, the upper and the lower parts of the town. On the last evening the Madonna Primavera, the most beautiful "Lady Spring", is elected. A jury decides which of the two contestants of the Parti has best interpreted the celebrations of the return of spring. Food stalls sell delicious porchetta (roast pork flavored with wild fennel) and wine.

 
The excursion can be organized over an entire day with lunch at the restaurant made up of produce tastings typical to the region and with the assistance of “Umbria in Tour”

SPECIAL TOUR FOR MINIGROUP-WINTER 2015-2016

Spoleto

Coming from Rome through the Flaminia Way the travelers can enjoy one of the most charming view of Spoleto. Each period left sign while always respecting the harmonious relation between city and nature and the balance of spaces.
Spoleto presents a series of extremely beautiful sites, diverse from each other, that show an uninterrupted artistic evolution, from the Age of Bronze to modern times.
The city has a particular structure, with its different levels joined to one other by small streets and narrow alleys, welded by the various palaces.
It is among these “wondrous façades of hot stones, goldened by centuries of sun” (A. Moravia) that Gian Carlo Menotti found the ideal place to create a meeting point between European and American culture, starting the FESTIVAL OF THE TWO WORLDS in 1958, still one of the most stimulating cultural events in Italy.

   

Spello

Of  Umbrian origins, but with Roman imprint and Medieval traces, Spello is nestled on the farthest slope of Mount Subasio, a steadfast custodian of centuries of history. Known as the “most splendid Julia Colony” during Roman domination, today it is a characteristic medieval village with numerous monuments and sites…

Numerous remains from the Roman walls still stand today, which provided the foundation for the medieval walls. This historic period characterizes the urban layout that stands miraculously intact, with the winding little streets and flower-laden balconies of the homes.



CRAFT BEER TASTING ON REQUEST!

MAIN EVENT
Spello’s infiorate is a manifestation which takes place every year in the small Umbrian town of Spello (Italy) on the occasion of the Corpus Domini feast, on the ninth Sunday after Easter. On that night, almost a thousand people work incessantly to create carpets and pictures made of flowers along the narrow town’s streets. The floral creations cover streets throughout the historical centre in preparation to the passage of the Blessed Sacrament carried in procession by the bishop on Sunday morning. The result is a unique one mile-long path of beautiful floral creations with an explosion of colours and scents.

    

Differently from other similar manifestations, Spello’s Infiorate creators compose their splendid carpets using flowers collected in the wild. While the use of other parts of the plants, like leaves and berries is allowed, the preference is given to the use of petals only, either fresh or dried. The use of wood and any kind of synthetic material is severely prohibited. Exsiccation of the flowers must be carried out naturally in the sun. Dried petals are sometime gently chopped to improve their deployment in high resolution details and fine design elements. However, they cannot be turned into a powder as the floral nature and appearance of the material have to be always preserved. The gathering, meticulous collection and processing of these natural materials starts several months before their actual use, becoming often a year around effort in order to tap into the variety of seasonal floral species.

 

Perugia

Perugia is the capital of Umbria and one of the local hill towns. It is a city full of charme and history. With your private guide, you will walk along its city walls dating from the Etruscan age.

Perugia is a city full of charms and history. Every ancient gate, alley, piazza, palazzo and church will capture your imagination and every museum and gallery will impress you with a sense of history, culture and art.

You will discover the 'Perugia underground' seeing the different strata of Rocca Paolina

     

The tour winds through the city's main street, Corso Vannucci, and focuses on the major monuments: Rocca Paolina, the Fontana Maggiore, Palazzo dei Priori, the Cathedral of St. Lorenzo.

   

We will bring you to the studio of a master glasspainter in a building dates back to the 15th century

The Master that explain you the technique of painting a stained-glass window , that means mixing colours and light so as to bring to life a work which can express itself fully only because of this union

 

He will introduce you the old art of glass paiting and the story of a family of artists that has been making enamelled glass windows in the historic centre of Perugia since 1860…

A unique experience in its kind!

       

It’s hard to say the words “chocolate” and “Italy” in the same breath without immediately thinking about the Umbrian capital of Perugia. Why? Because this city is home to both Italy’s best-known chocolate maker and its most famous chocolate festival.
Baci (kisses) are those bite-sized chocolates with a whole hazelnut at their center.

     

Todi

Defined by someone as a “small solitary city” (because it is far from interregional connections), but betterknown as the “the most liveable city in the world”, Todi is a city dipped in a placid tranquillity, perfectly integrated with the most beautiful surrounding countryside. The historical, medieval centre boasts sacred buildings of great prestige while outside the walls there is the famous Renaissance church of Saint Maria della Consolazione.
Todi is more than just a pretty face. In the 1990s, Professor Richard Levine, a researcher at University of Kentucky in the US, conducted a study on sustainability in towns around the world. Gorgeous Todi came out on top. After that, the Italian press called Todi the world's most livable city - that is, the city with the world's highest quality of life.
     

There is limited parking inside the ancient city walls, so your best bet for discovering Todi is to leave your vehicle in one of the car parks outside the walls and go on foot. There is also a funicular to take you up the hill, which provides a wonderful view of the Umbrian countryside and the spectacular valley below.

As you approach the city, the first building you see is the noble Renaissance temple of Santa Maria della Consolazione. Probably based on a design by Bramante, it is one of the top architectural masterpieces of the 16th century.
The excursions can be organized over half a day or an entire day with lunch made up of produce tastings typical to the region, including wine and oil that is all thoroughly Umbrian! And with the assistance of “Umbria in Tour”


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My suggestion: CHEESE TASTING IN A BEAUTIFUL ABBEY NEARBY

Cittą della Pieve

Città della Pieve is situated at the top of a hill on the eastern side of Val di Chiana on a hill where Umbria skirts the border of Tuscany. The town originated from a fortified settlement around a pieve, a rural church where baptism was administered. The walled amber-hued town is built entirely of brick, giving it a lovely uniformity. In fact, it was a center for brick manufacturing in the middle ages, along with textiles.

       
The warm colors and architectural harmony give it a welcoming feel. The town is nestled in its ancient protective walls, like a nested jewel. The overall atmosphere is charming and vibrant. The surrounding countryside is swathed in sunflowers and olive trees.

Citta' della Pieve is noted for its blending of Umbrian and Tuscan cuisine, using the fruits of the forest like truffles and porcini mushrooms, hand made pastas, and exactingly-cured meats for which Umbria is famous. The area is noted for the cultivation of saffron, harvested by hand from crocus blossoms.

This Umbrian town was the birth place, in 1450, of Pietro Vannucci called Il Perugino, disciple of Verrocchio and Raffaello’s Master.

     

The heart of the town is Piazza Gramsci, where the cathedral the Palazzo della Crogna and the Torre Civica (38 m) are found. From the Piazza we reach the church of Santa Maria della Mercede, where in the oratorio is found the "Adoration of the Magi" considered one of the best woks of Il Perugino (1504).

Bevagna & Montefalco

BEVAGNA

 
Sweet drive through the countryside, in the valley of Assisi, to the medieval town of Bevagna, originally an Etruscan settlement , became a Roman Municipium called Mevania, with its hidden Roman  baths and the circuit of display workshop of Medieval crafts: paper making, icon reproducing, candle making and silk weaving – a perfect way to experience the transition from Roman to Medieval life, where it is still evident in the structure of this beautiful, little walled town.
Its main Festival is Mercato delle Gaite (June): big summer festival with medieval banquettes, processions, challenges between the four gaite (quarters) and taverns. The four Gaite of Bevagna are San Giorgio, San Giovanni, San Pietro and Santa Maria.


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MAIN EVENT
Bevagna is also home to a festival called Mercato delle Gaite.
For a few days each June, the town is time-warped back to the middle ages. If you visit during this time, you’ll find quite a different place than normal! The townspeople are all dressed in medieval garb, and the locals are very much into the spirit of the event. As you wander through the streets, you’ll find all sorts of unusual activities underway, from falconry, to blacksmithing, to paper making. The town is historically divided into four quarters, “Le Gaite”. These neighborhoods compete against each other in different events as part of the festival, and there’s a real rivalry between them.




MONTEFALCO
Because of its position on an outcrop of the Colli Martani, it is known as the “terrace of Umbria”.
The town has been actively settled since the times of the Umbri (Italic tribe of of ancient Italy). It has been under the successive domination of the Romans and Lombards.
Montefalco today has several churches, some in the Romanesque, some in the Gothic and some in the Renaissance style. Historically, the most important is the church of San Francesco, which is now the town's museum, and, given its collection of art and artifacts, one of the most important museums in Umbria. The church is notable for its fresco cycle on the life of St. Francis.
The comune of Montefalco and a small area of the comune of Bevagna constitute the regulated geographical area for Montefalco wines. Visitors can enjoy the principal wines produced in the area including the comparatively simple red table wine, Montefalco Rosso, the more complex DOCG red wines Sagrantino, for which the area is famous.

    

Norcia & Castelluccio

Norcia is well worth a visit for additional reasons. Its mountain air and broad streets make for a pleasurable excursion. Norcia is surrounded by the Sybilline mountains but the ancient centre of Norcia is almost flat, which is relatively unusual among the towns of Umbria, and is completely enclosed by a full circuit of walls that has survived intact from the 14 C. This makes Norcia, which is quite small, an easy and relaxing town for a stroll around the main sights.

Norcia is a charming town in the high country of Umbria, that is probably most famous in modern times for its pork products. Norcia was always well-known for hunting, especially for wild boar, and its production of sausages, capocollo, salumi and hams made from wild boar and domestic swine has given a word to the Italian language - norcineria - a pork butcher's shop.

     

Other important ingredients of local cuisine are the black truffle, available November to March, and the lentils of Castelluccio di Norcia. Pork sausages, black truffles, cheese and the lentils are the basic ingredients of Norcia's authentic and savoury local cuisine. Be sure to try a plate of sausages and lentils while you're there.
     
Norcia lentils, and in particular the lentils of Castelluccio di Norcia, are the most famous and probably also the best in Italy. Some of the characteristics make them unique are their delicacy, a diameter of scarcely two mm. and their long storage capability. Norcia lentils grow in the high plains of Castelluccio di Norcia at about 4,500 ft inside Monti Sibillini National Park, located between the Marche and Umbria. The fields are subject to three-year rotation, lentils being rotated with one year of wheat and one of pasture. Norcia lentils are often striped and vary in colour from speckled green through faded yellow to light brown. The lentils are sown in Spring and then harvested in July and August. The climate and soil of Umbria contribute to their thin skin and soft consistency, allowing them to be cooked without having to be soaked first.

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JULY FLOWERING IN CASTELLUCCIO DI NORCIA
   

The Mostra Mercato del Tartufo Nero di Norcia (Norcia Truffle Fair)

This fair takes place in February, with the stalls almost totally dedicated to the truffle. The idea is to buy your truffles within a day or two of their having been in the ground and to eat them within another two days. Truffles rapidly lose their aroma once they have been dug up.

      

Civita di Bagnoregio & Bolsena Lake

Civita di Bagnoregio is a wondeful and unique example of its kind. Connected to the world only by a long, narrow footbridge, it has been known for a long time now as the “Dying City” - because of the slow collapses of the tufa walls- containing a cluster of medieval houses and a small population of families. Supported sweetly on a top of a hill, the city overhangs and dominates the immense valleybelow, thus offering to the tourist a charming and unforgettable scene.
The ancient village offers us a unique setting that mimics a landscape not common where the hands of time seem to have stood: a bridge about 300 meters long accessible only on foot is the only access road , no cars or motorbikes can reach the country and only a few years ago all sorts of material was transported by mule.

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One of the most famous event in Civita is the LIVING NATIVITY on Christmas time: the opportunity to live an extraordinary event, absolutely unique ...

   

The lake of Bolsena (known by the local fishermen as “the drinkable lake” for the cleanliness of its waters) is found at the centre of an important cultural and naturalistic crossroad, in one of the most beautiful and characteristic settings, between Lazio, Tuscany and Umbria. The lake of Bolsena boasts a natural environment almost completely uncontaminated and is one of a small number of the “great” Italian lakes where bathing is permitted.

   

Both excursions can be organized over half a day or an entire day with lunch made up of produce tastings typical to the region, including wine and oil that is all thoroughly Umbrian! And with the assistance of “Umbria in Tour”

Deruta

Probably built upon Roman foundations, Deruta is today famous all over the world because of its very colourful production of ceramics, pottery and majolica, all made by hand. In the old town centre there are workshops, laboratories, factories, exhibitions rooms and two schools of ceramic art. Also in the historic centre is the Regional Museum for the Ceramics of Deruta that, beginning from 1898, houses a collection of fragments and objects owned by several of the great families of Deruta, across different periods.

The excursion  is organized over half a day or an entire day with lunch made up of produce tastings typical to the region, including wine and oil that is all thoroughly Umbrian! And with the assistance of “Umbria in Tour”

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Carsulae "La Pompei d'Umbria"

The Roman town of Carsulae is one of the most important and spectacular archaeological sites in Umbria. The building of the Flaminian Way brought great development to the communities along the roadway, functioning as a point of reference for the transformation and evolution of their way of life. The traffic moving along this road brought many people into the areas that it crossed, and it is probable that the town of Carsulae was built during the height of the Roman period.
Excavations at the site unearthed a large number of monuments, buildings and inscriptions, forming a picture of a wealthy and politically active municipium.


     

All excursions can be organized over half a day or an entire day with lunch made up of produce tastings typical to the region, including wine and oil that is all thoroughly Umbrian! And with the assistance of “Umbria in Tour”

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Monster's Park of Bomarzo

The "Sacred Wood of Bomarzo" is also known and rebaptized as Monster's Park. Prince Pier Francesco Orsini, known as Vicino, wanted such a park "only to ease the heart". It was designed and laid out by the great architect, Pirro Ligorio, who was summoned to work at Saint Peter's in Vaticano after the death of Michelangelo. Without either Prince Orsini or Ligorio ever realizing it, a timeless masterpiece was born. When you visit this park you will go from surprise to surprise as animals and figures in stone suddenly appear: the Elephant that is about to kill a Warrior, the fighting Dragons, the Ogre in whose mouth you could pic-nic, Sleeping Beauty, Hercules tearing Cacus apart, Bears in ambush, animals with three heads, Neptune presiding figures, and finally a globe of the world balanced on the head of an Orc with a model of the Orsini Castle on top representing the power of his family.
   
These sculptures carred out of massive boulders in situ, appearing to rise up out of the very ground as if by magic. It all goes back to the 16th Century (1552), the period which saw the development of an ideal of life between Prince and Courtier. This wood has inspired many important artists and poets of the time. After Vicino Orsini's death nobody cared any longer for this jewel of mannerist art and after centuries of oblivion has been saved and restored for the joy of intellectuals, men of letters, artists and tourists that come from all over the world to admire this splendid garden.

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Italian gardens: VILLA FARNESE & VILLA LANTE

PALAZZO FARNESE OF CAPRAROLA
In 1504, Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, the future Pope Paul III, acquired the estate at Caprarola. He had designs made for a fortified castle or rocca by the architects Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and Baldassare Peruzzi. Surviving plan drawings by Peruzzi show a pentagonal arrangement with each face of the pentagon canted inwards towards its center, to permit raking fire upon a would-be scaling force, both from the center and from the projecting bastions that advance from each corner angle of the fortress.
The villa is one of the finest examples of Renaissance architecture. Ornament is used sparingly to achieve proportion and harmony. Thus while the villa dominates the surroundings, its severe design also complements the site.

    

The villa's interiors are arranged over five floors, each floor designed for a different function. The main rooms are located on the first floor or piano nobile, where a large central loggia (now glazed in) looks down over the town, its main street and the surrounding countryside. The suites are famous for their Mannerist frescoes. The iconograhic program of frescoes expressing the glory of the Farnese were worked out by the humanists in Farnese's court

    
The gardens of the villa are as impressive as the building itself. The villa's fortress theme is carried through by a surrounding moat and three drawbridges. Two facades of the pentagonal arrangement face the two gardens cut into the hill; each garden is accessed across the moat by a drawbridge from the apartments on the piano nobile and each is a parterre garden of box topiary with fountains. A grotto-like theatre was once here. A walk through the chestnut woods beyond, leads to the giardino segreto, or secret garden, with its well known casino, a small habitable summerhouse with two loggie for al fresco dining.

The casino is approached by stairs contained between heavily rusticated grotto walls, with a central catena d'acqua, a cascaded rill, which the water flows down to a stone basin. At the top of the steps and set in an oval space are large statues of two reclining river gods to either side of a large central vase fountain. Stairs built into the oval walls lead up to the parterred terrace in front of the south facade of the casino. This part of the terrace is lined by stone herms with cypress trees. To the north of the casino is a private garden which steps up slightly and accommodates roses.

VILLA LANTE DI BAGNAIA
The Italian Renaissance garden was a new style of garden which emerged in the late 15th century at villas in Rome and Florence, inspired by classical ideals of order and beauty, and intended for the pleasure of the view of the garden and the landscape beyond, for contemplation, and for the enjoyment of the sights, sounds and smells of the garden itself.
In the late Renaissance, the gardens became larger and more symmetrical, and were filled with fountains, statues, grottoes, water organs and other features designed to delight their owners and amuse and impress visitors. The style was imitated throughout Europe, influencing the gardens of the French Renaissance and the English garden.

 

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All rights reserved - VAT IT016336330551
All rights reserved - VAT IT016336330551